Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr, often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity”, while Fitr means “to break the fast”; and so the holiday symbolises the breaking of the fasting period. It is celebrated starting on the first day of the Islamic month of Syawal.
Muslims are to complete their fast on the last day of Ramadan and then recite the Takbir all throughout the period of Eid.
Hari Raya Aidilfitri is the Malay term for Eid ul-Fitr. Hari Raya is also known as Lebaran. Muslims in Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore celebrate Eid like other Muslims throughout the world.
The term “Hari Raya” literally means “Day of Celebration”.
The main greeting used by Muslims in Malaysia and Singapore is “Selamat Hari Raya” which means “Happy Eid”. Another greeting is “maaf zahir dan batin” which translates loosely to “I seek forgiveness (from you) physically and spiritually”, for Hari Raya is a time to ask for forgiveness, reconcile and renew relationships with others.
ALL our Muslim brothers and sisters throughout Malaysia must be now bubbling with excited anticipation because they will be celebrating Hari Raya Aidilfitri.
During the month of Ramadan leading up to Hari Raya, it is mandatory for Muslims to fast. All Muslims except the young, old or infirm must fast.
They do not eat or drink anything from dawn until dusk. Fasting is meant to teach the person patience, sacrifice and humility.
Ramadan is a time to fast for the sake of their God, Allah, and to offer more prayer than usual.
During Ramadan, Muslims ask forgiveness for past sins, pray for guidance and help in refraining from everyday evils, and try to purify themselves through self-restraint and good deeds.
Hari Raya will celebrate the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which all Muslims spend in prayers, meditation, acts of kindness, and self-discipline by fasting from sun-up to sun-down everyday.It is also the celebration of this month-long devotion to the total submission to God, the spirit that lies at the core of Islam.
In Malaysia, ‘Ramadan bazaars‘ are held in many areas around the country, where all sorts of food and kuih — traditional Malay delicacies — are sold for breaking fast or buka puasa. Many hotels and restaurants offer exorbitant Ramadan buffets during this time.
By now, in all the Muslim households, the housewives would have more or less finished preparation for the Hari Raya festivities. All the traditional cakes and delicacies would have been made or purchased, and the new clothes for adults and children alike would have been ready.
The house, the surrounding yard and garden would have been scrubbed and cleaned. Our Malaysian Muslims are particularly house-proud; they love to decorate their house for this occasion with a fresh coat of paint, new curtains, new table clothes, decorative lights, and new furniture for those who can afford it.
On the eve of Hari Raya, Muslims will recite the takbir, which is held in mosques and surau (smaller place of worship). In some communities, there will be congregations reciting the takbir from house to house.
In big cities and towns, shopping malls and commercial centres will hold big promotions and sales for festive shoppers to purchase clothes and raya goodies.
Decorations are hung in public areas and Hari Raya songs will be played in the radios and shopping complexes.
The media, such as the television will host various programs in conjunction with the celebrations.
Many people also traditionally return to their home town generally from big metropolitan cities to rural areas. This is known as balik kampung — literally going back to one’s home town to celebrate Hari Raya with family and friends.
Usually on the eve of the celebrations, family members, especially mothers and housewives, will be busy preparing food, cakes, sweets, biscuits and various delicacies to be served on the day of Hari Raya.
Delicacies such as ketupat,lemang and rendang are among the most famous cuisines that are served during this day.
Other family members will help in other chores such as decorating and cleaning up the house.
Days before Hari Raya, house compounds, particularly those in the countryside will be lit up with oil lamps known aspelita or panjut. This display of oil lamps will reach its height on the 27th night of Ramadan, called the Tujuh Likurnight. ‘Likur‘ literally meaning a figure between 20 and 30, hence ‘tujuh likur‘ means twenty seven.
Originally during the early days of the arrival of Islam among the Malays, the purpose of lighting the oil lamps was to attract spirit of passed relatives and angels to descend to people’s homes during the night of Lailatulqadar.
However, such misconception is regarded counterfactual as much understanding of Islam have been obtained since then.
Nowadays, the oil lamps are lit solely for decorative purposes.
It is customary for Malays to wear traditional Malay costumes. The dress for men is called baju Melayu while the women’s are known as baju kurung and baju kebaya. Traditional textiles such as songket and batik are worn favourably during this day.
Muslims will attend Eid prayer in the morning and consecrate together harmoniously while taking the chance to meet and greet each other.
Once the prayer is done, it is also common for Muslims in Malaysia to visit the grave of their loved ones. During this visit, they will clean the grave, perform the recital of the Yasin — a chapter (surah) from the Qur’an and also the tahlil or prayers for the deceased.
All these are done in hope that their loved ones are blessed by Allah and they are spared from the punishment in the grave.
The rest of the day is spent visiting relatives or serving visitors.
Hari Raya is a very joyous day for children for this is the day where adults tend to be extra-generous.
Children will be given token sums of money, also known as duit raya from their parents and elders.
During the night, there are celebrations with sparklers and firecrackers, with emphasis on precautions and restrictions on playing certain firecrackers as enforced by the authorities. Usually the lighting of firecrackers begins a few days before the end of Ramadan, and continues for about a week afterwards.
Copy from wikimedia
Copy from wikimedia